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Electric Dog Fence Basics

Although there are many different types of electric dog fence systems, they all work on basically the same principles. Each system is comprised of a transmitter or control box, perimeter wire, and a receiver collar. The transmitter box controls the signal to the perimeter wire and communicates with the collar to issue warnings and corrections when your dog gets too close to the wire.

The transmitter box, wire, and receiver collar are the 3 basic components of any containment system but differences and features like correction level, signal field width, and maximum area vary greatly from system to system. View our handy comparison chart for a quick view of our dog fence systems.


Transmitter Box:
Generally installed within your home or garage, it is the control center for the fence. The transmitter box not only sends the signal out through the perimeter wire but also alerts you when there is a problem such as a wire break. The control box also determines the width of the boundary zone and in some systems the correction level of the collar(s).

Boundary Wire:
boundary wire dog fence Connected to the transmitter, the boundary wire creates a perimeter or boundary line that your dog will learn not to cross. There are an infinite number of configurations possible with in-ground wire electric dog fencing. For more information on possible layouts please see our Planning and Layouts.

Receiver Collar:
Worn by the dog(s), the collar receives the signal transmitted from the wire. Depending on your system, the receiver collar may issue an audible tone, vibration, static shock stimulation, or a combination of the above. When your dog approaches the ‘warning zone’ the collar will beep or vibrate to let the dog know that she needs to back up. If she continues into the boundary zone she’ll receive the static shock correction. dog fence receiver collar


How and Why Electric Dog Fences Work:

When your dog approaches the ‘warning zone’ the collar will beep or vibrate to let the dog know that she needs to back up. If she continues into the boundary zone she’ll receive the static shock correction.

Electric dog fencing works on the principle of operate conditioning. This form of learning - famously studied by B.F Skinner in the mid 1900’s, centers around the modification of behavior by way of consequences. The most important part of installing your electric dog fence is training your dog. When your dog approaches the perimeter he’ll receive a warning tone or vibration. At first this may not mean much to the dog. If he continues toward the boundary he’ll receive a harmless but startling static correction. As your dog learns the placement of the perimeter he’ll also learn to associate the warning with the correction that will follow. Through this process of action and consequence he will learn to heed the initial warning and remain safely within the boundaries to avoid the unpleasant experience of the correction. The training can be completely quite quickly as long as you are consistent and persistent in the training. Most dog-owners are able to achieve their desired results within two weeks with three 15-minute training sessions each day.

To make sure these systems will work for you check this out!

Comment / Questions about Electric Dog Fence Basics

April Cundall
December 10, 2015

We have 0.53 acres and small dogs female is only a pound now but should be about 3-4 pounds we wouldn't put a collar on her as little as she is, our male is full grown at 6 pounds. We do not have any fences along our property and need something that will cover corner to corner. We lost our sweet angel because I did not do this sooner. I would prefer something wireless but I want what is most effective.


I would most definitely go with a wired system as they are most reliable, no interference's like wireless systems.
Also it will cover corner to corner and you can customize the shape. The wireless is only a circle and you can not change that.
I am deeply sorry for your loss I know it can be very hard on one with a loss of a pet. We here at flexpetz will help you every step of the way with finding the right containment for your pets.
Here is the link for the Elite Little Dog Fence:

Kind Regards,
Julie Angulo
"Dog Fence Tech"
800-396-5517 FREE Toll Free

We have the FREE Tech support to make this DIY project easy for you.

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